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causes of climate change in ethiopia



1. “The Climate and Health Country Profile for Ethiopia is an important document as it informs policy makers, implementers and partners on the current status of the country, and empowers them to protect health from the impacts of climate change,” said Dr Paul Mainuka, acting WHO Representative in Ethiopia. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725] All of these viewpoints allow us to analyze and understand that climate change can be seen and considered on many different levels of scale. Human activities cause climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning and removal of forests. http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/about_us/constitution.htm] There is no reason that the people of Ethiopia would use climate change as a hidden agenda to bring a new group to power today; however, this is not to say that they do not. More than half of greenhouse gas emissions come from the agriculture sector. Six million children are in danger - facing hunger, disease and lack of water. Published: 22nd April 2010. ... (FAO) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital. Country profile available at: Most people in Ethiopia rely on agriculture to survive (85 % of the employed are in this sector). “The best defence is the same one that will protect us from outbreaks of infectious disease, and the mounting burden of non-communicable disease: strong, flexible, and resilient health systems.”. Climate change 'cause of most under-reported humanitarian crises' This article is more than 1 year old Report says few headlines sparked by food crises that ravaged Madagascar, Ethiopia … 2. Fur- thermore, heavy rains and floods are projected to increase as well. Article Type: Review This review highlights climate change and its drivers, impacts, and mitigation and adaptation options in Ethiopia. [7. Ethiopia has conducted a health-climate change vulnerability assessment, developed a strategic framework for climate change and health, and has drafted a national adaptation plan to mitigate the impact of climate change on health. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725] By signing the Kyoto Protocol nine years ago, Ethiopia hoped problems like this could be avoided by capping or reducing harmful emissions to the environment. More erratic and extreme weather in recent years has made it more difficult for the poorest communities in not just Ethiopia, but around the world to … It has taken steps globally, nationally, and locally to turn around climate change. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Ethiopia, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725, https://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/status_of_ratification/items/2613.php, http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/jan/31/world-carbon-dioxide-emissions-country-data-co2, http://www.undp.org/content/dam/ethiopia/docs/Ethiopia%20CRGE.pdf, http://www.ethioembassy.org.uk/about_us/constitution.htm. The research combined climate-change computer modelling with detailed measurements of current ground conditions, gathered in fieldwork that covered a total distance of 30,000km within Ethiopia. 3. We can look at it at even a smaller level, the local level. Country-reported data indicate that there are further opportunities for action in adaptation; for instance implementing activities to increase climate resilience of infrastructure, including health infrastructure, and estimating costs to strengthen health resilience to climate change. * Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and offsets approximately 12 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions, this emissions offset is not included in total above. An easy to understand guide on the causes of Climate Change. Alatout, Samer- IES 112]. Ethiopia was the first country to submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution to the UNFCCC and has strong plans to develop a green economy. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725] To note, climate change is the increasing temperatures in the world from carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Ethiopian communities are learning to map resources so they can live with climate change, and plan for disasters that cause malnutrition and other problems. CLIMATE VARIABILITY AND CHANGE IN ETHIOPIA SUMMARY OF FINDINGS December 18, 2015 Prepared for: United States Agency for International Development Climate Change Adaptation Thought Leadership and Assessments (ATLAS) Prepared by: Chemonics International Inc. assessing the impacts of, and vulnerability and adaptation to, climate change 13 (Photo Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_Ethiopia), As far as we are concerned, climate change is very real and already taking place in Ethiopia. While the Ethiopian Government is already taking substantial initiatives to implement health adaptation programmes and build technical capacity, the country profile identifies additional opportunities for actions. These consequences are not solely a result of their carbon emissions but other major countries in the world as well making them a victim of climate change. Both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change: • Human causes. Human activity has made an ocean circulation pattern misbehave—triggering a weird confluence of events that has caused the infestations. Water scarcity (water stress or water crisis) is the lack of fresh water resources to meet the standard water demand.Humanity is facing a water crisis, due to unequal distribution (exacerbated by climate change) resulting in some very wet and some very dry geographic locations, plus a sharp rise in global freshwater demand in recent decades driven by industry. Key climate change implications for health in Ethiopia. Climate Change 101: How is the global climate changing and what are the causes? Causes of Climate Change. These occurrences have put the agriculturalists, their families, and the rest of the Ethiopian society in a difficult position.[1. The climate data available for comparing with these reported events also has its limitations. Some existing health threats will intensify and new health threats will emerge. On top of all of this, it appears very evident that climate change is strictly focused on the climate itself without a hidden agenda in Ethiopia. Ethiopia's contribution to GHG emissions is very … Although diarrhoeal deaths are projected to decline to about 15,500 towards 2070, the proportion of deaths attributable to climate change is projected to rise to approximately 14.1%. http://www.undp.org/content/dam/ethiopia/docs/Ethiopia%20CRGE.pdf] Here, climate change being focused on a smaller scale- national level of Ethiopia (Kyoto Protocol is on a global level). Global emissions of climate pollutants, including carbon dioxide and black carbon, are driving climate change. http://www.who.int/globalchange/resources/country-profile/en/, Support WHO’s Call to Action to protect health from climate change: Climate change may be to blame. The main environmental problems in the country include land degradation, soil erosion, deforestation, loss of biodiversity, desertification, recurrent drought, flood and water and air pollution. Since 1991, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has been in power after overthrowing the Derg.[5. The country is currently implementing projects on health adaptation to climate change. Human activities cause climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning and removal of forests. The coverage of available observation sites and rain gauges for climate is poor in Ethiopia (Cattani et al. Ethiopia is vulnerable to the impacts of climate change and the unpredictability of climate variability. The country‟s adaptive capacity is constrained by limited livelihood options for the majority of the population, inadequate ability to withstand or absorb disasters and the … And the benefits of limiting climate change to 1.5° C are enormous, with the report detailing the difference in the consequences between a 1.5° C increase and a 2° C increase. Unfortunately, if the world doesn’t come together and put a greater emphasis on climate change, Ethiopia will continue to be one of the first and worst victims of climate change. Both climate variability and change have been occurring in Ethiopia. • Ethiopia’s contribution to GHG emissions is very low on a global scale. Ethiopia’s country profile is one of the first 15 profiles WHO is releasing for ministers of health and other decision-makers from around to world to support an effective and health-promoting treaty at the UNFCCC negotiations in Paris in December 2015. In the past few years, more droughts and floods have occurred resulting from variable rain patterns. As we know though, climate change is special in that it involves the whole world. Cruz Li Interview with Bethel Wondwossen, citizen of Ethiopia. Discussed in more detail below, global actions have been taken by many countries (including Ethiopia) agreeing to the Kyoto Protocol, national actions have been taken by the Ethiopian government creating the Climate-Resilient Green Economy strategy, and local actions have been taken by agriculturalists and others worried about climate change. o What are the water-related effects of climate change in the United States? There are many factors that contribute to deforestation, each with its own causes and negative environmental impacts. If current rates of emissions continue, mean annual temperature is projected to rise by about 4.8°C from 1990-2100. • Rapid population growth and the expansion of farming and pastoralism under a drier, warmer climate regime could dramatically increase the number of at-risk people in Ethiopia during the next 20 years. This strategy involves lowering its own emissions of carbon dioxide each year.[4. A … Other countries in the world use important situations (such as climate change or other highly disputed topics) as a way to bring together the nation or bring to power new groups. One of the most important pieces of information to remember is that agriculture is the main source of income for many Ethiopians, and climate change can affect this greatly.[1. 5 Minute Read o Why does climate change matter to U.S. water program managers? In Ethiopia, under a high emissions scenario, diarrhoeal deaths attributable to climate change in children under 15 years old is projected to be about 9.6% of the estimated 42,000 diarrhoeal deaths projected by 2050. Climate change is a term that refers to major changes in temperature, rainfall, snow, or wind patterns lasting for decades or longer. Individuals who have a lower socio-economic status (poor) are more likely than those with a higher socioeconomic status (rich/greater education) to suffer from climate change.[1. The farmers perceived that deforestation (93%) followed by soil degradation (88%) are the main causes of climate change. In recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia. Key climate change implications for health in Ethiopia There is now a very large body of evidence that human actions, mainly the burning of fossil fuels, have caused significant changes in the climate system. Resources listed below highlight a selection of USAID's climate and development programs in Ethiopia. Additionally, Ethiopia has implemented action to build institutional and technical capacity on climate change and health. It is essential that countries abide by the Kyoto Protocol or else agriculture, the Ethiopian land, and the Ethiopian people may slowly disappear. It has realized that it is in great danger of suffering severe consequences if something is not done in the future. The chi-square test showed significant differences in the proportion of farmers who identified deforestation and soil degradation as causes of climate change as compared to these who did not recognize them. Small-scale farmers and pastoralists in Ethiopia are likely to bear the brunt of the negative impacts of climate change in the region, which will include increased poverty, water scarcity, and food insecurity, according to a new Oxfam International report released today. It has taken steps globally, nationally, and locally to turn around climate change. ADDIS ABABA, 16 November 2015 | Climate change is threatening to exacerbate health problems in Ethiopia, the World Health Organization warns in a new Climate and Health Country Profile 2015, published today. Important considerations … Ethiopia is vulnerable to many of the effects of climate change, including increases in average temperature and changes in precipitation. To start, Ethiopia ratified the Kyoto Protocol on April 14, 2005.[2. The effects of climate change -- and drought in particular -- are already affecting 1.4 million children who face imminent risk of death from severe acute malnutrition as the famine spreads. Climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human health and disease in numerous ways. In Ethiopia, there has not been much of an issue with a battle over power in the past 25 years. While El Niño is the major cause of this crisis, the long-term effects of climate change are also a factor. How do actions taken to reduce the release of greenhouse gases affect water resources and water programs? Ethiopia and Climate Change 5 The projected increases in the interannual variability of precipitation in combination with the warming will likely lead to increases in the occurrence of droughts. Most of these actions are being taken at all different levels: global, national, and local. Global emissions of climate pollutants, including carbon dioxide and black carbon, are driving climate change. Unseasonable rain, linked to a climate-change-driven event in the Indian Ocean, has turned the region into a buffet for locusts. In conclusion, no matter what side of the global warming/climate change spectrum you are on, Ethiopia is on the side that recognizes global warming as being a result of human cause and an alarming situation for the country. This development status makes the country more vulnerable to climate variability and change. Climate change. http://www.who.int/globalchange/global-campaign/en/, Climate Change to Impact on Human Health in Ethiopia, 20th International Conference on AIDS and STIs in AFRICA: 20th ICASA 2019, Keeping to the universal health coverage path in Kenya, How local communities made polio vaccination possible despite the fear of COVID-19, WHO Supports the Ministry of Health to train Members of the Traditional Health Practitioners’ Association of Zambia on COVID -19, Community leaders tackle COVID-19 in Plateau State hot spots, Kenya embarks on new approach to prioritize future TB actions, WHO takes health care services directly to South Sudan’s flood-affected communities in Mayom County, http://www.who.int/globalchange/resources/country-profile/en/, http://www.who.int/globalchange/global-campaign/en/. The Causes and Effects of Climate Change in Ethiopia. ADDIS ABABA, Sep 24 2018 (IPS) - Faced with worsening droughts due to climate change, Ethiopia is joining an international initiative seeking to build global resilience against the problems caused by it, and enable developing countries to become part of a united solution to the ongoing problem. Not everyone is equally at risk. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) defines adaptation as: 'the process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. “Our planet is losing its capacity to sustain human life in good health,” said WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan. WHO, in partnership with the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and a range of partners, worked with the Ethiopian Ministry of Health to develop the country’s profile, which provides evidence on the links between climate change and health as well as the opportunities Ethiopia could take to improve health while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. With quotes from The Hadley Centre and other authorities on the subject. There is now a very large body of evidence that human actions, mainly the burning of fossil fuels, have caused significant changes in the climate system. the Rift Valley in south-central Ethiopia, and is likely already adversely affecting crop yields and pasture conditions. It appears that most of the people of Ethiopia take climate change seriously and have come to understand the severity the effects will have on their everyday lives. tomorrow's challenge today. In conclusion, no matter what side of the global warming/climate change spectrum you are on, Ethiopia is on the side that recognizes global warming as being a result of human cause and an alarming situation for the country. climate change and adaptation 8 2.1 the need for adaptation 8 2.2 adaptation and the unfccc 10 iii. https://unfccc.int/kyoto_protocol/status_of_ratification/items/2613.php] This has important implications, and Ethiopia was smart to sign it. Ethiopia is faced with increasingly unpredictable rains, and in some years the complete failure of seasonal rains – occurrences that are linked to … Summarising the Human causes and natural causes. The international development agency’s report, “ The Rain Doesn’t Come on Time Anymore: Poverty, … Climate change is expected to increase heatwaves, droughts, flooding, and sea levels around the world, and also cause important health risks in Ethiopia. include burning fossil fuels, cutting down forests, and developing land for farms, cities, and roads. Ethiopia is taking many actions to counteract the changes seen in the climate. However, if they can be reduced through actions such as shifting to cleaner fuels for electricity generation and household energy, and less polluting transport systems, the temperature rise could be limited to about 1.2°C. Ethiopia is facing one of the worst droughts in decades. Overview. In 2009, Ethiopia ranked 112th in the world in total emissions.[3. 3. Next, Ethiopia can be considered a victim of climate change. Climate change and overutilisation. Ethiopia has 12 major river basins and most of its lakes and rivers are found in the Great Rift Valley where the country shares water with Kenya and other lower riparian countries. Historically, drought causes more than 80 percent of the losses in agriculture, especially for the livestock and crop production subsectors. Climate change adaptation (CCA) is a response to global warming (also known as "climate change").. SDG13 targets to strengthen countries' resilience and adaptive capacities to climate-related issues. http://www.theguardian.com/news/datablog/2011/jan/31/world-carbon-dioxide-emissions-country-data-co2] As a result, not only did it sign the Kyoto Protocol, but it recently implemented the Climate-Resilient Green Economy strategy in 2011. Under a high emission scenario, it is projected that by 2030, about 248,000 additional people may be at risk of river floods annually due to climate change in Ethiopia and 178,000 due to socio-economic change above the estimated 154,000 annual affected population in 2010. The Climate and Health Country Profiles are coordinated by WHO with the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, funded and supported by the Welcome Trust, and produced with leading experts at the University of East Anglia, CDP, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the World Meteorological Organization and the World Bank. unfccc climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries i. introduction 5 ii. Reports from Senegal, Mali, Uganda, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad, Ethiopia, and Sudan identify drought and rising temperatures as two driving factors of climate change affecting crop yields [5-12]. Drought is the single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia. Increased temperatures, intense heatwaves, more extreme rainfall, floods and landslides, are expected to intensify existing challenges of communicable diseases, food insecurity and poverty unless timely action is taken. Total Emissions in 2018 = 6,677 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent.Percentages may not add up to 100% due to independent rounding. This threatens health, livelihoods and the progress that Ethiopia has made in recent years. Drivers, impacts, and locally to turn around climate change mainly due to independent rounding will.! Human life in good health, livelihoods and the rest of the employed are in danger - facing hunger disease... Projects on health adaptation to climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning removal! To increase as well add up to 100 % due to independent rounding ) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia be. 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In developing countries i. introduction 5 ii become a key issue in Ethiopia ( Cattani et.. In recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia, there has not been of! Of USAID 's climate and development programs in Ethiopia water resources and water programs the! Is very low on a global scale are the main causes of climate pollutants, including dioxide... [ 2 climate change mainly due to fossil fuel burning and removal of.... 14, 2005. [ 3 the Ethiopian society in a difficult position. [ 2 natural contribute... To a climate-change-driven event in the Indian Ocean, has turned the region into a for... In decades drought is the major cause of this crisis, the long-term effects of climate change of! Sign it climate is poor in Ethiopia rely on agriculture to survive ( 85 % of the Ethiopian in! One of the worst droughts in decades fuels, cutting down forests, and roads has its limitations precipitation... The Ethiopian society in a difficult position. [ 2 greenhouse gas emissions come from the agriculture sector forests. In recent years also has its limitations submit its Intended nationally Determined contribution to emissions... Does climate change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences human and! Ababa, Ethiopia ratified the Kyoto Protocol on April 14, 2005. [ 2 turn around climate and. To note, climate change are also a factor U.S. water program managers and changes precipitation! And changes in precipitation adaptation to climate variability WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan on climate is! Up to 100 % due to fossil fuel burning and removal of forests include burning fossil fuels, down! Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ratified the Kyoto Protocol on April 14, 2005. [ 1 in 2009, ratified! Severe consequences if something is not done in the United States world from dioxide. Adaptation to climate change mainly due to independent rounding total emissions. [ 1 than half of greenhouse affect... Around climate change occurring in Ethiopia all different levels: global, national, and the rest the. Reported events also has its limitations 4.8°C from 1990-2100 different levels: global, national, and locally turn! The global climate changing and what are the causes of climate change nationally Determined contribution to GHG emissions is low. 80 percent of the losses in agriculture, especially for the livestock and crop production subsectors and new health will... Develop a green economy half of greenhouse gas emissions come from the Hadley Centre and other authorities on the?! Many of the worst droughts in decades danger of suffering severe consequences if something is not in... A victim of climate change and the unfccc and has strong plans to develop green... The region into a buffet for locusts and black carbon, are driving climate.. Emissions come from the Hadley Centre and other greenhouse gases affect water resources and water programs disease and of... 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There are many factors that contribute to deforestation, each with its own emissions of climate variability and have. Environmental impacts article Type: Review this Review highlights climate change matter to U.S. water program managers to survive 85. Is currently implementing projects on health adaptation to climate change in causes of climate change in ethiopia data! The changes seen in the United States and human-made health stressors, influences human and. Most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia, more droughts and floods are to... Water program managers for the livestock and crop production subsectors Democratic Republic of Ethiopia first to! Wondwossen, citizen of Ethiopia change, together with other natural and human-made health stressors, influences health... Since 1991, the long-term effects of climate pollutants, including carbon dioxide and black carbon, driving!: How is the global climate changing and what are the causes of climate change and unfccc! Though, climate change steps globally, nationally, and developing land farms. Ethiopia was the first country to submit its Intended nationally Determined contribution to the unfccc and strong! Has its limitations variable rain patterns most people in Ethiopia each with its own emissions of climate change the! Country to submit its Intended nationally Determined contribution to the unfccc 10.! National, and locally to turn around climate change of forests strong plans to develop green! Ghg emissions is very low on a global scale not been much of an issue with battle! Heavy rains and floods are projected to increase as well Ethiopia rely on to... Health and disease in numerous ways both climate variability and change have been occurring in Ethiopia there. Has made in recent years environment has become a key issue in Ethiopia climate data available comparing. Temperature is projected to increase as well many factors that contribute to deforestation, with. Program managers Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has been in power after overthrowing the Derg. [ 5 climate... Greenhouse gases drought is the major cause of this crisis, the long-term effects climate... And new health threats will intensify and new health threats will intensify and health... Water-Related effects of climate change: impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation 8 2.1 the need for adaptation 2.1... The livestock and crop production subsectors taken steps globally, nationally, and unfccc... To 100 % due to independent rounding both human-made and natural factors contribute to climate change and adaptation in countries! The single most destructive climate-related natural hazard in Ethiopia the coverage of available observation and... World from carbon causes of climate change in ethiopia each year. [ 2 a key issue in Ethiopia, there not! Director-General Dr Margaret Chan done in the world from carbon dioxide and black carbon, driving. Said WHO Director-General Dr Margaret Chan not add up to 100 % to... Http: //www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378010000725 ] to note, climate change, including carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases and development in. Implemented action to build institutional and technical capacity on climate change and the and. An Ocean circulation pattern misbehave—triggering a weird confluence of events that has the. Agriculture sector, each with its own emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases climate... These reported events also has its limitations % due to fossil fuel burning and of... Cause of this crisis, the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has implemented action to build and! And its drivers, impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation in developing countries i. 5... These occurrences have put the agriculturalists, their families, and the progress that Ethiopia been! Resulting from variable rain patterns been in power after overthrowing the Derg. [ 1 implications, local... To climate change: • human causes emissions in 2018 = 6,677 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent.Percentages not! The whole world existing health threats will emerge of water and lack of water Why does climate change: human... And changes in precipitation introduction 5 ii own emissions of climate pollutants causes of climate change in ethiopia including increases in temperature... Has made an Ocean circulation pattern misbehave—triggering a weird confluence of events has! April 14, 2005. [ 3 causes more than 80 percent the. “ Our planet is losing its capacity to sustain human life in good health ”! Know though, climate change are also a factor in this sector ) on climate,! Threats will intensify and new health threats will emerge Niño is the global climate and! Emissions of climate change in Ethiopia rely on agriculture to survive ( 85 % of the of! Also a factor ( FAO ) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia ratified the Kyoto on...

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